What is the difference between Cdpap and Cdpas?

When navigating the landscape of home care services, acronyms like CDPAP and CDPAS can often cause confusion. Understanding these terms is crucial for making informed decisions about the care of your loved ones. At I & Y Seniorcare, we strive to provide clarity on these topics to help families make the best choices for their unique situations. In this blog post, we’ll explore the differences between CDPAP and CDPAS, shedding light on their respective roles in home care services.

What is CDPAP?

Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Program (CDPAP) is a Medicaid program designed to offer more control to consumers over their personal care services. This program allows consumers to hire, train, and supervise their own personal assistants, who can be family members or friends, except for spouses and parents of children under 21.

Key Features of CDPAP:

  • Flexibility in Care: CDPAP gives consumers the autonomy to select their caregivers, ensuring they receive personalized and comfortable care from trusted individuals.
  • Comprehensive Training: Consumers are responsible for training their personal assistants, which means they can tailor the training to suit specific needs and preferences.
  • Direct Supervision: Under CDPAP, the consumer supervises the caregiver, fostering a direct and communicative relationship.
  • Eligibility: To qualify for CDPAP, individuals must be eligible for Medicaid and require home care services.

What is CDPAS?

Consumer Directed Personal Assistance Services (CDPAS), while sounding similar, is often used interchangeably with CDPAP. However, it broadly refers to the range of services provided under the CDPAP model. Essentially, CDPAS encompasses the actual assistance and support provided to the consumer by their chosen personal assistant.

Key Features of CDPAS:

  • Personal Assistance: CDPAS includes all the hands-on care and support tasks performed by the personal assistant, such as bathing, dressing, meal preparation, and medication management.
  • Customized Care: The services under CDPAS are tailored to the specific needs of the consumer, ensuring that each individual receives the care that best suits their daily living requirements.
  • Consumer Empowerment: Like CDPAP, CDPAS emphasizes the consumer’s role in directing their own care, reinforcing the importance of consumer choice and control in the caregiving process.

Comparing CDPAP and CDPAS

While CDPAP and CDPAS are intrinsically linked, understanding their distinctions is crucial:

  • Scope: CDPAP refers to the overall program that allows consumers to direct their personal care services, while CDPAS refers to the actual services and assistance provided under this program.
  • Terminology: CDPAP is a formal Medicaid program, whereas CDPAS is more of a descriptor for the services rendered within the CDPAP framework.
  • Usage: In practice, CDPAP is the term you’ll encounter when applying for the program, whereas CDPAS describes the day-to-day care activities provided by the personal assistants.

Benefits of CDPAP/CDPAS

The CDPAP/CDPAS model offers numerous benefits to consumers:

  • Control and Autonomy: Consumers have the freedom to choose their caregivers, leading to a more personalized and comfortable care experience.
  • Familiarity and Trust: Allowing family members or friends to become personal assistants fosters trust and reduces the stress associated with receiving care from strangers.
  • Customized Training: Consumers can ensure that their personal assistants are trained to meet their specific needs, leading to higher quality and more effective care.
  • Cost-Effective: For many, CDPAP/CDPAS can be a more affordable alternative to traditional home care services, as it leverages the Medicaid program.

Challenges and Considerations

Despite its many advantages, there are some challenges and considerations to keep in mind with CDPAP/CDPAS:

  • Responsibility: Consumers must be prepared to take on the responsibility of hiring, training, and supervising their personal assistants, which can be time-consuming and demanding.
  • Eligibility Requirements: Navigating Medicaid eligibility and maintaining compliance with program requirements can be complex.
  • Limitations: Not all family members can serve as personal assistants, which may limit options for some consumers.


Understanding the difference between CDPAP and CDPAS is vital for those seeking home care services for themselves or their loved ones. At I & Y Seniorcare, we are committed to providing the information and support you need to make informed decisions about your care options. Whether you are considering CDPAP for the flexibility and control it offers, or are interested in the personalized services described by CDPAS, knowing the nuances of these terms will empower you to choose the best path for your unique situation.

For more information on CDPAP and CDPAS, or to discuss your specific needs, contact I & Y Seniorcare today. Our team of experts is here to help guide you through the process, ensuring you receive the highest quality of care tailored to your preferences and requirements.